• 0
  • 0

What is Silica Aerogel

What is Silica Aerogel?

Silica aerogels are type of porous substance. They are produced through replacing liquid components with gas in a gel. The result is a solid having extremely low density and thermal conductivity. It has a variety of uses. For instance, an aerogel is an effective thermal insulation.

Silica-based aerogels

The process of making aerogels generally involves freezing the pre-existing substance, then allowing it develop into a gel. The gel component then melts to form different shapes based on a range of variables. Once the process is finished, these precursor molecules will be pushed inside the pores growing crystals.

The DLR research will improve the process of aerogels made from silcia. They are working to improve the chemical composition of the material, the drying process, and growth of the nanostructure. This is also aimed towards making the aerogels robust to temperatures of extreme heat, such as 600deg C. It also intends to improve the handling capabilities of the materials by adding polymeric felts or glass fibers. The principal applications for these materials include furnaces, exhausts, and motors.

Aerogels based on silica are fluid and light, with a 95% porosity. They display excellent thermal insulation properties. They are frequently employed as thermal insulation materials, and can be mixed with other ceramic phases to enhance their properties in thermal terms.

High porosity

High porosity aerogels made of silica are porous structures made from silica. They have a substantial surface area and can act as gas filtersor absorbers, fluids for desiccation or Encapsulation media. These materials are also used for the transport and storage of liquids. The small weight of these materials makes them particularly useful for drug delivery systems. In addition , to their many uses, high porosity Silica aerogels can be utilized in the creation of small high-capacity electrochemical supercapacitors.

One of the main characteristics of high porosity silica aerogels is their superior mechanical strength. Shells that are empty are extremely weak and it is crucial to improve the binding of the skeleton , to enhance energy efficiency for thermal insulation. Fiber content is a great way to strengthen this skeleton, increasing the strength of the material and its ability to absorb heat. In one test one of these samples, the material exhibited an increase of 143% in Young's modulus. The porous internal structure was additionally examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and it was confirmed that the fiber content binds well to the skeleton.

Active sites with high surface

Silica aerogels exhibit hydrophobic the natural environment and have extremely active surfaces. This can make them an effective anticorrosive agent. They also display good thermal stability as well as transparency. Their dimensions and volumes of pore differ with respect to pH. This study shows that the silica based aerogels with a pH of 5 have the highest quality thermal properties and surface.

In the beginning, silica-based aerogels were employed as host matrices used for medicinal and pharmaceutical compounds. Since the 1960s scientists began to study silica aerogels to determine their possibilities as host matrixes. Two strategies were employed for the preparation of silica aerogels. dissolving the cellulose into a suitable solvent or dissolving different forms of nanocellulose in water suspension. The aerogels were then subjected to a complex solvent exchange. In addition, significant shrinkage was observed as the aerogels were prepared.

Thermal insulating properties

Silica aerogel has an incredible variety of thermal insulation properties and is beginning to appear in the commercial mainstream. It is being researched for the use in windows with transparent glass, which are some of the most susceptible to thermal stress within buildings. Walls, which represent a vast area of surface, generally have a lower loss of heat than windows do in the same way, and silica Aerogel can aid in the reduction of this stress.

A preliminary study of thermal insulating properties from silica airgel was carried out inside a swirling-flame combustor in order to replicate a typical combustion environment. A silica aerogel blanket was installed in the combustor and fed with cooling air by three different amounts.


The brittleness of silica aerogels is determined by their pore size and volume. The AC values decrease as you decrease the macroporous volume. Additionally the pore size distribution (pore dimension distribution curve) decreases in the direction of the TMOS content.

The density and aging conditions of silica-based aerogels alter how they behave. Silica aerogels of low density have a compressibility while high-density Silica aerogels are viscoelastic, and possess a high brittleness.

The ultraflexibility in silica aerogels can be enhanced through a number of methods. One of the most effective methods will be to raise the pressure applied. This can increase the length of the crack that results in a higher KI.

Suppl Ir on China that is made up of silica aerogel

TRUNNANO is a reputable international chemical material supplier and manufacturer with more than 12 years experience in the manufacture of high-quality chemical products as well as Nanomaterials. At present, our company has created a range composed of powder material. You can get a customized service. If you're interested in silica aerogels, do not hesitate to contact us. Click on the required items below to send us an inquiry on email:

Inquiry us

  • tags

Our Latest News

Aluminum Oxide Used for lithium battery Diaphragm

What is ceramic diaphragm?Ceramic covering unique diaphragm: With PP, PE or multi-layer composite diaphragm as the matrix, the surface is coated with a layer of nano-sized aluminum oxide product, which is closely bound to the substrate after unique p…

What are the uses of silicon powder

Silicon powder has a variety of uses, a few of which include: 1. Semiconductor production: Silicon powder produces semiconductors, necessary elements for electronic devices such as computer systems, smartphones, and also various other tools. 2. Solar…

Zirconium Diboride Ceramics

What is Zirconium Diboride?Zirconium diboride chemical formula is ZrB2. Zirconium Diboride is a type of high covalent refractory ceramic with a hexagonal crystal framework.ZrB2 is an ultra-high temperature ceramic (UHTC) with a melting point of 3246…