• 0
  • 0

How can nanomaterials be used in plastics

On the basis of general plastics and engineering plastics the flame-retardancy, strength resilience, impact resistance, antibacterial resistance, and aging resistance properties of plastics are enhanced by filling, blending the strength, and strengthening techniques, among others.

What Nanomaterials can do to alter plastics?

1. Resilience to ageing of reinforced plastics

The aging process in polymer materials is a process that, in particular, photooxidation ageing, begins on the outside of products or materials that show signs of discoloration, cracking, pulverization, glossiness diminution, and gradually moves into their interior. The anti-aging properties of polymers directly affect its service life as well as its environment, particularly in the case of plastics used in agriculture and building products, which isn't just an indicator that requires great attention, but also an important area of research in polymer chemical science. The wavelength of ultraviolet in sunlight is 200400nm. The ultraviolet wavelength of 280 to 400 nanometers can damage the molecular chain of the polymer, causing the material more prone to aging. Nano-oxides such as nano-alumina or nano-titanium oxide and so on, have excellent absorption capabilities for Infrared as well as microwave. A properly blended nano SiO2 and TiO2 can absorb a considerable quantity of ultraviolet rays. This helps ensure that plastics are not damaged by sunlight. They also assist to stop plastics from cracking, discoloration , and other signs of degradation caused by light. This makes them anti-aging.

2. Enhance the characteristics of the antibacterial, anti-mildew, and anti-milde plastics

Antibacterial plastics are typically prepared by adding antimicrobial agents or antibacterial masterbatch in the resin. Because plastic molding has to go through high temperature the inorganic antimicrobial agents that are able to adapt to the extreme temperature. Traditional antibacterial metal powders such as copper sulfate , zinc nutrients aren't easy to use directly in thermoplastics. The inorganic nano-antibacterial material is modified to create antibacterial polymer masterbatch that is easy to use in plastic products and has excellent integration with plastic. It is beneficial to the dispersion of antimicrobial agents. Inorganic silver ions are transported into nano titanium dioxide nano-silicon aluminum oxide, as well as other nano-materials made of inorganic materials, and this powder is characterized by antibacterial qualities, when which is then mixed with plastics and molded by UV irradiation in order to make antibacterial plastics. its antibacterial effect is formed through the gradual release of antimicrobial substances, so as to achieve the antibacterial effect.

3. Enhance the strength and toughness of plastics

When the second ingredient is added to the polymeric matrix, they form a composite, and a more comprehensive material can be obtained through compounding which helps to increase the strength and impact strength of the product. The emergence of nanomaterials provides an alternative method for strengthening and improvement of plastics. The defects on the surface of the small-sized particles dispersed in phase are relatively few and there are numerous unpaired atoms. The ratio of the surface number of atoms to total number of nanoparticles increases sharply when particles decrease in size. There is a crystal field-like environment, and binding energy of surface atoms are different from those of internal atoms, which is why they have a significant chemical function. Because of the micronization of the crystal field as well as the rise of active surface atomsand atoms in the crystal, the surface energies is dramatically increased, and it can be closely combined with polymer substrates and have high compatibility. When subjected to external force that is applied to the ion, it becomes so easy to release from the substrate and can better transfer stress. Also that it is subject to the stress field, there will be more microcracks , and plastic deformations within the substance, which could cause the substrate to give way and also consume lots of impact energyin order to attain the goal of strengthening and toughening simultaneously. The most frequently used nano-materials are nano Alumina, nano silica, nano-calcium carbonate.

4. Enhance the thermal conductivity plastics

They are a kind of plastic products with great thermal conductivity. They are typically higher than 1w/ (m. kg). Thermal conductive plastics are more and more extensively used because of their lightweight with a high thermal conductivity. They are also fast, easy injection moldings, low cost of processing, and so forth. Because of its superior insulation and thermal conductivity, the use of nano-alumina in thermally conductive plastics, thermal conductive rubbers, construction age, thermally conductive coatings as well as in various other fields. As compared to fillers made of metal, Nano-alumina or nanomagnesia is able to not only improve the thermal conductivity, but also increase the insulation effects, and the physical properties of plastics will also be improved.

5. Enhance processesability for plastics

Certain polymers, like ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) that have a viscosity-average molecular weights that exceed 150 minutes, exhibit excellent broad properties, however they are difficult to be made and processed due to their high viscosity, which hinders their popularization and application. Utilizing the low interlaminar friction value of Silicate layer, the nano-rare earth/ ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene blend was developed by fully mixing UHMWPE with layered silicate which can effectively reduce the intanglement of UHMWPE molecular chain as well as reduce the viscosity. A key part of the lubrication process, thereby greatly increasing the processability.

6. The addition of nanomaterials makes plastics useful.

Metal nanoparticles contain heterogeneous nucleation, which can induce the formation of some crystal structures that confer toughness for the material. When polypropylene is filled with high melting point metal nanoparticles and it is discovered that it may play the role for conductive channel, strengthening and tamping up in polypropylene in addition, its low melting temperature increases the processing capability of composites.

Aluminum oxide price

The price of a product is influenced by various factors like demand and supply of the marketplace, industry trends as well as economic activity, mood in the market, and unexpected developments.

If you're interested in the most up-to-date Al2O3 price, you can make contact with us to request an estimate. (

Al2O3 powder supplier

TRUNNANO is a trusted aluminum oxide manufacturer and oxide supplier for over 12 years. We deliver our products all over the world.

If you're looking to purchase high-quality aluminum oxide powder make sure you contact us and make an inquiry. (

Inquiry us

  • tags

Our Latest News

Silicon Nitrides Properties and Applications of Silicon Nitride

Researchers are interested in the research study of silicon Nitride, which is just one of numerous biomaterials that can be made use of in the production of implants in addition to various medical tools. Silicon nitride is a chemical substance that i…

Relative Atomic Mass of Manganese Dioxide

Determining the relative atomic mass of manganese dioxide is very vital. This is essential due to the fact that this substance is incredibly harmful and also can trigger a number of unfavorable health impacts. The following is a brief summary of the…

What is Nano Iron Oxide Powder

Throughout the previous few years, nano iron oxide has actually climbed to the center of products study. Its various applications vary from antimicrobial agents to drivers as well as regenerative medicine. The properties of iron oxide nanoparticles (…