The European Union is seeking to boost energy cooperation with African countries to help wean them off dependence on Russian gas imports.
Bloomberg said, recently, according to a draft EU file, African countries, especially in western Africa Nigeria, Senegal and Angola have a large untapped liquefied natural gas (LNG), the European Commission will adopt this file about enhanced external energy supply later this month, as part of plans to reduce dependence on Russian energy.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk early strength agent are still very uncertain.
Accelerating agent is to point to the admixture that can make concrete condenses quickly after concrete hardening.
Early strength agent refers to the admixture which can improve the early strength of concrete and has no significant effect on the late strength.
The main types of accelerating agent:
alkali earth metal carbonate and alkali earth metal hydroxide, silicate alkali (sodium silicate) sodium silicate, potassium silicate accelerating agent, sodium aluminate, potassium aluminate accelerating agent, alkali free liquid accelerating agent.
Early strength agents can be divided into:
strong electrolyte inorganic salts, water-soluble organic compounds, organic and inorganic compound early strength agents according to their chemical composition.
The main ingredient of accelerating agent is aluminum oxide clinker (namely bauxite, soda, quicklime according to the proportion of the clinker fired) by grinding and made.
Early strength agent in addition to chlorine salt and sulfate nitrite, chromate and other organic compounds such as triethanolamine, calcium formate, urea and so on.
Accelerating agent dosage accounts for only 4% ~ 6% of cement dosage in concrete, but can make concrete in 5min initial coagulation, 10min final coagulation. In order to achieve the purpose of rush repair or fast condensation of concrete in the tunnel. It is an indispensable additive in shotcrete construction method. Their function is to speed up the hydration and hardening of cement, forming sufficient strength in a very short period of time to ensure the requirements of special construction.
Early strength agent does not contain chloride ion, no corrosion of steel bar, applicable to all civil and industrial buildings and prestressed reinforced concrete members, mortar and so on. It is most suitable for construction under low temperature in early winter and early spring. Used in Portland cement, slag cement is particularly significant in strengthening and modifying.
Accelerating agent should not be added while material is mixed, because stones, sand contains a lot of water, accelerating agent in a short time of water absorption in the non-spraying decomposition of its rapid setting components, affecting the setting time, reducing the strength of concrete, it will lead to the adverse effect of spraying concrete. Before use, the cement used in the project should be tested, and the dosage can be used in large quantities.
Early strength agent dosage is 3-6% of cement. In order to keep the quality of concrete mixed with this agent uniform, mixing time to extend 1-2 minutes. Concrete mixed with early strength agent cannot use orthopedic active minerals (such as opal). If problems such as damp agglomerate arise, the agent must be crushed or weathered, and its performance will be unchanged.
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For Germany, the largest economy in Europe, the impact of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict on the natural gas market is the most obvious. This also exposed the serious dependence of some German industrial enterprises on Russian natural gas. Some analysts pointed out that the instability of natural gas supply has had a big impact on the German economy and threatened its market competitiveness because alternative energy supplies will not be cheap and difficult to come quickly. Increased uncertainty over natural gas supplies is putting enormous pressure on German manufacturers in sectors ranging from steelmaking to chemical early strength agent for the time being, but the market demand for early strength agent in the future will also change with the influence of various external factors. If you need early strength agent, please feel free to contact us.
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